Las consultas por posible intoxicación han descendido entre y ( frente a , Los álcalis-cáusticos constituyen la IPH más frecuente, aunque su número se ha reducido (48 en y 18 en ). Urgencias de pediatría. Introdução: A ingestão de substâncias cáusticas, voluntária ou acidental, pode resultar em lesões graves do Mencías E. Intoxicación por cáusticos. Protocolos de gastrenterologia de a Asociación Española de Pediatria 01/ 04/ pediatras en formación y su presencia en el Congreso de. Salamanca salvo en los casos de intoxicación digitálica, por lo que no precisan.

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Foreign bodies, bezoars, and caustic ingestion. A brief commentary is given on the treatment of paracetamol poisoning, above all in children under seven years of age, and the ingestion of caustic substances. Shaffer R, et al.

Intoxicación en niños: Metahemoglobinemia

The role of intoxicacoin endoscopy in the management of corrosive ingestion and modified endoscopic classification of burns. Update on caustic ingestion; How therapy has changed. Poisonings during childhood account for 0.

Given the broad scope of the issue and the impossibility of covering all of pediatric toxicology, this article describes its epidemiology in our milieu and some considerations are made with respect to dealing with the most frequent or characteristic poisonings involving children. Kochnar R, et al.

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Caustic ingestion has a significant morbidity and mortality; the best initial approach is still controversial which should be the aim of future additional studies. Reconsidering the diagnosis and treatment of patients following ingestion of liquid lye. Hospital procedure concerning the poisoned child involves a first phase of life support pedkatria stabilization measures, followed by identification of the toxin and measures of detoxification where necessary.

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Ingestion of Acid and Alkaline Agents: Keh S, et al. Still a major surgical dilemma. Hepatogastroenterology ; 51 Management of these patients is controversial as far as the best endoscopic and intensive care approach. Outcome and Prognostic Value of early upper endoscopy. Sleisenger and Fordtran’s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. J Clin Gastroenterol ; The clinical features of caustic ingestion vary widely and may not correlate with the severity of injury.

Anales Sis San Navarra ; 26 1: For an adequate evaluation and treatment of these patients, it would be caustocos to have recommended protocols. There are still some controversies regarding therapy; total parenteral feeding and corticotherapy are not recommended, except in selected cases. Casasnovas A, Martin F. Handbook of Medical Toxicology.


Nunes A, et al. What is the utility of selected clinical and endoscopic parameters in predicting the risc of death after caustic ingestion? Dis Esoph ; Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology ; 37 2: Hospital Fernando Fonseca, Lisboa, Portugal.

Gastrointestinal endoscopy ; 41 3: With respect to its epidemiology, the first cause of pediatric poisoning are medicines, with paracetamol outstanding as the most frequent cause of poisoning. Ertekin C, et al. Voluntary or accidental caustic ingestion can result in serious injury of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Caustic esophageal injury in adults.


Caustic Injury to the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract. Poisonings; Treatment; Children; Household cleaning products; Methaemoglobinaemia. Intoxicaciln of complications following caustic ingestion in adults. Risk factors for stricture development after caustic ingestion.

The results of caustic ingestions. Santos 1E. Corrosive injury to upper gastrointestinal tract: Review of epidemiology, physiopathology, clinical manifestations, evaluation and therapy of caustic lesions and establishment of a protocol. Zargar A, et al. Zargar S, et al. Poisoning by household products including soap, detergents, cosmetics, hydrocarbon products, anilines, naphtaline, and hydrogen peroxide is reviwed.

Byrne F et al. Am J Therap ; Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ; Ingestion of strong corrosive alkalis: Endoscopic grading of caustic lesions has therapeutic and prognostic implications. In the second place in order of frequency we find products of household use, although their importance in pediatric toxicology rests basically on the fact that some of these products, such as cosmetics, can result in accidental ingestion, almost exclusively involving children.

Ingestion of Caustic Substances by Adults. Freitas 2J. Pires 1L.